What is Human Trafficking?
People are bought and sold for purposes such as sexual exploitation, forced labour, domestic servitude, street crime, sale of organs and human sacrifice. Human trafficking involves the movement of people within their own countries and across international borders. The traffickers exploit them using deception and/or some form of coercion to lure and control them.
The most common trafficker profile is a male who is a national of the country where the exploitation takes place. However the participation of women is higher for this crime than for most other crimes. Studies suggest that women traffickers are relatively likely to participate in forms of trafficking related to the sexual exploitation of girls. Trafficking networks appear to widely use women as recruiters of victims of sexual exploitation, who may be more easily trusted by other females.
Most victims are women and children, usually foreign and often from backgrounds characterized by economic deprivation and/or lack of decent employment opportunities.
The proportion of children falling prey to traffickers has risen from 20% between 2003 and 2006, to more than a quarter, at 27%, between 2007 and 2010.
(Trafficking in Persons, 2012)